A service provider asked me to help him to design a backup service where the main topic was Microsoft 365.
I’m sure many of you already know and already use Veeam Backup for Office 365.
It is an excellent solution to address an end-user request and to allow a Service provider to supply a managed service.
But what about unmanaged service?
In other words: is it possible to give an admin of an organization a way to perform backup and restore by himself in a multi-tenant architecture?
The answer came from the great job of two Veeam guys.
Niels Engelen and Timothy De Win have developed a web portal leveraging the native VBO-365 RESTFul-API that allows the service provider to score the goal. The project is called MARTINI.
Just a note before starting: the articles have been written “for dummy”; the scope is explaining step by step the procedure I followed to implement the service.
- This is not a Veeam Project so it is NOT officially supported.
- For more details about the software used and to remain updated, please refer to the blog sites of Niels (https://foonet.be/) and Timothy (http://blog.dewin.me/)
- Take a look at the official Veeam guide to know the hardware, software requirements of VBO-365.
Design and Implementation:
The smallest architecture you can design is composed of one VBO-server and one Portal server.
In these articles the names of these 2 servers are in order:
a) VBO-365 (Windows 2019)
b) VBO-Portal (Linux ubuntu 20-04)
A video that explains how to install VBO-365 software is available at the following link: Installing VBO365.
Ready to start? Let’s go!
a) Commands 1/2 update and upgrade the packages installed Linux Server to the last release
1- sudo apt update
2- sudo apt upgrade
b) Command 3 installs the unzip package
3- sudo apt-get install unzip wget
c) Command 4 downloads the martini package, command 5 unzips it in /usr/bin directory
4- wget https://dewin.me/martini/martini-cli.zip
5- sudo unzip martini-cli.zip -d /usr/bin/6-
d) Now it’s time to setup Martini.
6- sudo martini-cli setup
It requires and automatically installs the following packages:
apache2, mysql-server mysql-client, PHP, php-xml, composer, zip unzip php-mysql and Terraform.
At the end of this setup the screen output shows the following output.
CREATE DATABASE martini;
CREATE USER ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY ‘mypasswordthatissupersecret’;
GRANT ALL ON martini.* TO ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’;
|# Ubuntu older
GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’ WITH MAX_QUERIES_PER_HOUR 0;
# Ubuntu 20.04
GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’;
Now connect to mySQL DB using the following command:
mysql -u root -p
If the error shown in picture 1 appears it is necessary to follow the procedure described below:
– sudo mysql
– select user,host,plugin from mysql.user; output -> root | localhost | auth_socket
the output is shown in picture 2 and it checks the plugin used for any MySQL users.
If it is auth_socket to user root just change it with the following command
– update mysql.user set plugin=’mysql_native_password’ where user=’root’;
– select user,host,plugin from mysql.user; output root | localhost | mysql_native_password
the output shown in picture 3 confirms it is correctly changed.
– flush privileges;
Now retype the previous command (mysql -u root -p) and please continue with the procedure if it still doesn’t work as shown in picture 4 :
– sudo /etc/init.d/mysql stop
– sudo mkdir -p /var/run/mysqld
– sudo chown mysql:mysql /var/run/mysqld
– sudo mysqld_safe –skip-grant-tables &
– mysql -u root
– ALTER USER ‘root’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘new_password‘;
– flush privileges;
at this point reboot the server.
The command mysql -u root -p shows the following output:
Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
Type ‘help;’ or ‘\h’ for help. Type ‘\c’ to clear the current input statement.
Let’s go back to martini checking if the database and the new user have been created with the command:
mysql> show databases;
If it doesn’t appear use the following steps:
– use mysql
– show tables;
– CREATE USER ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’ IDENTIFIED BY ‘mypassword-‘;
– GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO ‘martinidbo’@’localhost’;
– FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
– CREATE DATABASE martini;
Now re-launch the martini setup command
– sudo martini-cli setup
selecting no when the prompt asks if it is the first run and follow the easy wizard as shown in picture 5.
The last commands are:
– sudo chown thegable:thegable .martiniconfig
– martini-cli –server http://localhost/api connect
and if you have enabled the firewall just open the web default port
– sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
Now open a web browser and point out to the VBO-portal server IP address and you can see the login to Martini page.
In the next article, we are going to cover how to set it up and some useful detail to use it.
That’s all for now guys.